The 2020 Census has finally been issued with Brownfield and Terry County not faring well for the past 10 years. Although the State of Texas grew by almost four million, Brownfield and Terry Co. did not. According to the 2020 Census the City of Brownfield’s population is currently 8,936 which is a decline of 721 from the 2010 Census. Terry County’s population as a whole, which includes the City of Brownfield, City of Meadow, City of Wellman, and across the county declined by 820 to the new current census of 11,831. Meadow and Wellman’s new population is not listed in the new Census because only cities with a population of 5,000 or more receives that data.
Looking at the demographics of both Brownfield and Terry County it has change a bit in the past ten years. According to the Census Bureau, race estimates of the population are produced for the United States, states, and counties by the Population Estimates Program and the race estimates of the population are produced for Puerto Rico and minor civil divisions by the American Community Survey.
The U.S. Census Bureau collects race data in accordance with guidelines provided by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB), and these data are based on self-identification. The racial categories included in the census questionnaire generally reflect a social definition of race recognized in this country and not an attempt to define race biologically, anthropologically, or genetically. In addition, it is recognized that the categories of the race item include racial and national origin or sociocultural groups. People may choose to report more than one race to indicate their racial mixture, such as “American Indian” and “White.” People who identify their origin as Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish may be of any race.
The OMB requires that race data be collected for a minimum of five groups: White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. OMB permits the Census Bureau to also use a sixth category – Some Other Race. Respondents may report more than one race.
Here is how the Census Bureau defines each race:
- White. A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa. It includes people who indicate their race as “White” or report entries such as Irish, German, Italian, Lebanese, Arab, Moroccan, or Caucasian.
- Black or African American. A person having origins in any of the Black racial groups of Africa. It includes people who indicate their race as “Black or African American,” or report entries such as African American, Kenyan, Nigerian, or Haitian.
- American Indian and Alaska Native. A person having origins in any of the original peoples of North and South America (including Central America) and who maintains tribal affiliation or community attachment. This category includes people who indicate their race as “American Indian or Alaska Native” or report entries such as Navajo, Blackfeet, Inupiat, Yup’ik, or Central American Indian groups or South American Indian groups.
- Asian. A person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent including, for example, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, and Vietnam. This includes people who reported detailed Asian responses such as: “Asian Indian,” “Chinese,” “Filipino,” “Korean,” “Japanese,” “Vietnamese,” and “Other Asian” or provide other detailed Asian responses.
- Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands. It includes people who reported their race as “Fijian,” “Guamanian or Chamorro,” “Marshallese,” “Native Hawaiian,” “Samoan,” “Tongan,” and “Other Pacific Islander” or provide other detailed Pacific Islander responses.
- Two or more races. People may choose to provide two or more races either by checking two or more race response check boxes, by providing multiple responses, or by some combination of check boxes and other responses. For data product purposes, “Two or More Races” refers to combinations of two or more of the following race categories: “White,” “Black or African American,” American Indian or Alaska Native,” “Asian,” Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander,” or “Some Other Race”
In Terry County white alone, non-Hispanic makes up 38.4% of the population. Hispanic or Latino makes up the majority of the Terry Co. population with 56%. Black or African American alone is 4.7%, American Indian and Alaska Native is 1.4%, Asian is 0.6%, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander is 0.1%, and two or more races make up 1.5% of the population.
The City of Brownfield white alone, non-Hispanic makes up 33.3% of the population. Hispanic or Latino in Brownfield also makes up the majority of the population with 60.3%. Black or African American population in Brownfield is higher compared to Terry Co. with 6.2%. American Indian and Alaska Native is 0.2%. Both Asian and Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander is zero percent, and two or more races make up 1.0% of the population in Brownfield.
Age and gender are also apart of the demographics section the Census release. In Terry Co. there is 7.6% of the population under 5 years old, 27.2% is under 18 years old and 15.1% is 65 year old and older. 57.7% of Terry County’s population is between the ages of 18 and 65. The City of Brownfield was similar with 7.9% of the population under 5 years old, 26% is under 18 years old and 15.3% is 65 year old and older and 58.9% of Brownfield’s population is between the ages of 18 and 65. When it comes to gender in Terry County males have a higher population with 52.7% and the City of Brownfield is about the same with 52.9% of the population being males.
When it comes to the census every ten years, there is a chance for re-districting of the US House of Representatives in each state. Texas will be no different this year. As the Texas State Legislature is currently in special session, they are determining where the existing congressional districts will be placed, plus where the two new congressional districts will need a home. Texas gained not only two house seats for the US House of Representatives because it population grew so much in the past ten years, but it also gained two more Electoral College votes. California and New York lost a seat a piece and one Electoral College vote each due to their population decline.
According to the State Representative Dustin Burrows office, US Congressional District 19, which is held by Jodie Arrington (R) will not be affected by the population increase and neither will District 13 which is held by Ronnie Jackson (R) and includes Amarillo, majority of the panhandle and Wichita Falls, plus District 11 which is held by August Pfluger (R) and includes Midland/Odessa, the Permian Basin and San Angelo. District 19 grew about 43,000 people, however thats roughly a little over 1% of the new increase in population. The new districts will most likely come from urban areas such as Houston, DFW area, and San Antonio.